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s I write this, the world is mourning the fire and destruction that engulfed the historic Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. This is not the first time that flames have scorched that area. In the year 1242, exactly 777 years ago, another terrible burning took place adjacent to the Cathedral. Hundreds upon hundreds of handwritten Talmud volumes, plus tens of thousands of other sacred Jewish manuscripts, went up in flames right there, by orders of the anti-Semitic Church and the virulently Jew-hating King Louis IX. Only the Jews went into mourning, but the masses were satisfied that the infidel Jews were finally getting their just deserts. Many even wished that the next burning would include not only the holy books, but the cursed Jews themselves.