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Majestic Castles

Shira Yehudit Djlilmand

For children born with hydranencephaly, a rare condition in which all or much of the brain is missing, the prognosis is usually gloomy — death by age one. But then there are children like four-year-old Natan Shai, who are beating all the odds and bringing great joy to their families.

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

castlesWhat exactly is a castle? Like the French chateau and the Spanish castillo, the word castle comes from the Latin castellum, meaning “a fortified place” — and that’s what a castle is. As opposed to a palace, which is an unfortified royal residence, or a fortress, which was fortified but wasn’t lived in by nobles, castles were both the home of the local lord and his protection.

Castles were built mostly in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages. Their main purpose was first and foremost for defense, to protect the lord and his family and servants from attack, but also to show off the lord’s power, rank, and wealth.

Because they were primarily for defense, castles were usually built in places easy to defend, such as on hilltops, cliffs, or surrounded by water, whether a river or a man-made moat. Today, many castles are uninhabited but are open to the public to visit.

 

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