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Overview of the Month: Adar Beis

Rochel Gross

The second month of Adar, Adar Beis, is also called the twelfth month of the year, even though Adar Alef was the twelfth month. Rosh Chodesh Adar Beis is two days, because Adar Alef is thirty days long.

Wednesday, March 02, 2011

7 Adar Beis

Moshe Rabbeinu was niftar on this day after going over the Torah with the Yidden for forty days prior to their entry to Eretz Yisrael.

Parshas Zachor

The Shabbos before Purim is called Parshas Zachor, because for maftir we read from Parshas Ki Seitzei about what Amalek did to us when we left Mitzrayim. It is a mitzvah from the Torah never to forget how the wicked Amalek attacked us, and so Chazal designated the Shabbos before Purim (when we celebrate our victory over Haman — a descendant of Amalek) as the day we publicly read aloud about our mitzvah of wiping Amalek off the face of the earth.

Who actually was Amalek?

Amalek’s father was Eliphaz, the eldest son of Eisav. With such a “yichus,” it’s not hard to understand where he absorbed such hate for the Yidden. But do you realize something? By the time the Jewish Nation left Mitzrayim, Amalek was already a very, very old man! He had seen Yaakov and his sons go down to Egypt, and he lived to see Bnei Yisrael leave Mitzrayim two hundred and ten years later! All those years he was sure that the Jews would never be redeemed. To his utter dismay and fury, not only did Bnei Yisrael leave Mitzrayim, but they did so with unbelievable miracles. This was too much for Amalek to bear, and his deep-rooted fierce hatred of the Jews came to the fore, prompting him to take his nation and go to war against the Yidden. That is why we are instructed to remember in our hearts, say with our mouths, and take action to remember what Amalek did.

 

12 Adar Beis — Yom Turinus

A wicked Roman leader named Turinus found his daughter dead in the city of Lod. He immediately accused the Yidden of killing her and decreed that all the Jews of Lod be slain in revenge. In order to save the town from the terrible decree, two holy Jewish brothers, Lulinus and Papus, pretended that they had killed the girl and they were executed. Hashem avenged their deaths on the very same day. Two unknown high-ranking ministers suddenly appeared and murdered Turinus.

 

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